Are you considering switching to an electric vehicle but have questions about charging? Don’t worry! In this blog post, we will provide you with all the information you need about charging electric vehicles.
First, let’s talk about the different types of plugs for electric vehicles. There are two types of plugs on the vehicle side: Type 1, which allows for slow and semi-fast charging, and Type 2, which has become the European standard since 2010 and has evolved into the Combo or CCS plug.
On the charging infrastructure side, there are several types of plugs designed to accommodate different charging needs. The most common is the standard plug, which allows you to charge your car from a regular household socket at a power of 2.3 kilowatts or 10 amperes in direct current. Most car manufacturers provide a cable with this type of plug.
If you want a more powerful charging option, you can use a reinforced plug, like the Green’Up model. It offers slow charging up to 3.2 kilowatts in alternating current, and professional installation is recommended.
The Wallbox plug, in line with French and European standards, is designed to establish Type 2 as the standard. It can deliver charging power of up to 22 kilowatts, allowing for faster charging. There are different models available, all equipped with safety features that can be installed in your garage or parking space if you live in a condominium.
Public charging stations, on the other hand, can deliver higher charging speeds ranging from 43 kilowatts to 350 kilowatts in direct current. These stations are equipped with the Type 2 Combo plug.
Now, let’s discuss the cables used for charging electric vehicles. The thickness of the charging cable is an important factor to consider to avoid overheating. Choosing the right cable is simple: you just need to determine the maximum charging power you require. A single-phase cable is suitable for a maximum charging power of 7.4 kilowatts. For power levels beyond this limit, a three-phase cable is recommended, allowing you to access charging powers of up to 22 kilowatts.
As for the availability of charging stations, the situation is improving. The government is making efforts to reach 100,000 charging stations by the end of 2022. Currently, 47% of public charging points are located on the streets, 33% are installed in parking lots, and 20% can be found in businesses and shops. It’s worth noting that 6% of charging points are dedicated to fast charging. However, it should be mentioned that some drivers have reported issues with the condition of certain charging stations, with some even experiencing malfunctions.
In conclusion, if you’re considering switching to an electric vehicle, it’s important to understand the different types of plugs and charging options available. Additionally, it’s worth staying informed about the current state of charging infrastructure to ensure a smooth and reliable charging experience.